Three orders of columns, from least to most complex: Doric, Ionian (columns with spiral volutes on their capitals), and Corinthian (columns with leaves 🍃on their capitals)
Buildings were used in everyday life (like the Athenian Agora), commemorated historical events (like the Temple of Athena Nike ⚔️), and/or were dedicated to mythological figures (like the Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon).
Amphiprostyle temples (only having columns at the front and back) are commonly seen
Architects used geometry 📐 when constructing their buildings.
Less stiff-looking than Archaic sculptures, since artists used contrapposto (arrangement of the human body where most of the weight is put on one leg AKA the engaged leg, while the other is slightly bent at the knee)
Polykleitos' canon of proportions: idealized bodies with large muscles 💪 and wide torsos, mix of stressed and relaxed muscles, head is 1/7 the size of the body
Rules become more relaxed as time goes on.
Image Courtesy of Sutori. Helios, Horses, and Dionysus.
Greek potters believed that form follows function, which means that something's appearance should match how it's going to be used (we'll be revisiting this term when we get to unit 4 🤗).
Black figure (black figures on red clay background) and red figure vases (red clay figures on black background) become popular in the Archaic period.