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Unit 9 Overview: Developing a Complex Argument

2 min readjanuary 21, 2023

ChristineLing

ChristineLing


AP English Language ✍🏽

224 resources
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Introduction

Welcome to Unit 9! This is the last unit of our AP Lang study guide materials. Hopefully you’ve learned a lot so far. In this unit, we’ll be wrapping everything up with some final comments on how to develop a complex argument. Think of these guides as helping you put the final cherry on top of your essay. We’ll reference past study guides (such as guide 7.3) and expand on them. Let’s look at the main two parts of this unit.

9.1 Strategically conceding, rebutting, or refuting information

Relevant skills

Know why it’s important to not just present your own argument.
Understand what conceding, rebutting, and refuting information entails.
Identify when and how to use each technique in your writing.
In this guide, we’ll look at how a too simplistic argument can weaken the quality and persuasiveness of your writing. It isn’t enough to just argue for your point, you should also acknowledge other arguments. Sometimes it’s better to concede, while other times, rebutting an opposing argument is the best course of action. By the end of this guide, you’ll know what it means to concede, rebut, and refute, and how to strategically use each technique in your essay writing.

9.2 Crafting an argument through stylistic choices like word choice and description

Relevant skills

Identity how word choice can qualify/specify your argument.
Identify how description can be used to elaborate or generalize.
In this guide, we’ll look at how stylistic choices (referenced in previous study guides) can help shape your argument. Previously, we’ve discussed how they can help you support your argument in body paragraphs. In this guide however, we’ll see how they can be used within your thesis itself. Starting off with a strong thesis can be a solid indicator to the reader that the rest of your essay will be well organized and developed.

Conclusion

That’s a quick summary of each of the two guides in this unit. Read on for the full guides!
Browse Study Guides By Unit
🤔Exam Skills
🥇Unit 1 – Claims, Reasoning, & Evidence
🗂️Unit 2 – Organizing Information for a Specific Audience
👀Unit 3 – Perspectives & How Arguments Relate
🔚Unit 4 – How writers develop arguments, intros, & conclusions
🎀Unit 5 – How a writer brings all parts of an argument together
👥Unit 6 – Position, Perspective, & Bias
🥊Unit 7 – Successful & Unsuccessful Arguments
😎Unit 8 – Stylistic Choices
😈Unit 9 – Developing a Complex Argument
📚Study Tools

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