What is Classic Literature?

3 min readoctober 18, 2021

AP English Literature 📚

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Why is classic literature important?

🌸 Classic literature is both noteworthy and timeless.
🌸 I view classic literature as able to transcend time and space to reach a modern world with rich themes.
🌸 The first ever classic novel I read was Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy. I related its presentations of 19th c. Russian society to the structures and hierarchies of today's world. So yes, while it may present as a long and irrelevant 1800's novel, it is worth reading for its timeless themes. 
✨ ✨ Many view classics similarly, citing their ability to provide an understanding of the past. Furthermore, these works teach valuable lessons and connections across eras. ✨ ✨

How is classic literature defined?    

In his 1991 work, "What defines the Classics?", Calvino presented 14 definitions of a "classic" piece of literature. These include:
  1. The classics are those books about which you usually hear people saying: 'I'm rereading…', never 'I'm reading….'
  2. The classics are those books which constitute a treasured experience for those who have read and loved them; but they remain just as rich an experience for those who reserve the chance to read them for when they are in the best condition to enjoy them.
  3. The classics are books which exercise a particular influence, both when they imprint themselves on our imagination as unforgettable, and when they hide in the layers of memory disguised as the individual's or the collective unconscious.
  4. A classic is a book which with each rereading offers as much of a sense of discovery as the first reading.
  5. A classic is a book which even when we read it for the first time gives the sense of rereading something we have read before.
  6. A classic is a book which has never exhausted all it has to say to its readers.
  7. The classics are those books which come to us bearing the aura of previous interpretations, and trailing behind them the traces they have left in the culture or cultures (or just in the languages and customs) through which they have passed.
  8. A classic is a work which constantly generates a pulviscular cloud of critical discourse around it, but which always shakes the particles off.
  9. Classics are books which, the more we think we know them through hearsay, the more original, unexpected, and innovative we find them when we actually read them.
  10. A classic is the term given to any book which comes to represent the whole universe, a book on a par with ancient talismans.
  11. 'Your' classic is a book to which you cannot remain indifferent, and which helps you define yourself in relation or even in opposition to it.
  12. A classic is a work that comes before other classics; but those who have read other classics first immediately recognize its place in the genealogy of classic works.
  13. A classic is a work which relegates the noise of the present to a background hum, which at the same time the classics cannot exist without.
  14. A classic is a work which persists as a background noise even when a present that is totally incompatible with it holds sway.

What are some classic literary works that I recommend?

📖 Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy
📖 Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe
📖 As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner
If you want some more book recommendations make sure to check out Fiveable's Reading List!, which provides 5 awesome books to help you prepare of the AP lit exam.
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