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Unit 5 Overview: Structure and Figurative Language

2 min readjanuary 26, 2023

ChristineLing

ChristineLing


AP English Literature 📚

145 resources
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Introduction

Welcome to Unit 5! This is the second poetry focused unit (think back to Unit 2, Poetry I). In this unit, we’ll focus on the ways structures, literary techniques, and comparison, can help us understand texts.
Let’s get into an overview of the unit.

5.1 Traits of closed and open structures in poetry

Important skill: Explain the function of structure in a text.
Important skill: Identify closed structures of poetry.
Important skill: Identify open structures of poetry.
In this guide, we’ll be looking at the difference between closed and open forms of structures. We’ll look at the obvious differences and the more nuanced differences (like the way each contributes to reader interpretation of the poem).

5.2 Use of techniques like imagery and hyperbole

Important skill: Distinguish between the literal and figurative meanings of words and phrases.
Important skill: Explain the function of specific words and phrases in a text (including hyperbole and understatement).
Important skill: Identify and explain the function of an image or imagery.
In guide 5.2, we’ll analyze the various ways poets use literary devices in order to invite readers to read figuratively. These include words with dual meanings, hyperboles, understatements, and imagery.

5.3 Types of comparisons in poetry including personification and allusion

Important skill: Identify and explain the function of personification.
Important skill: Identify and explain the function of an allusion.
In this guide, we’ll look at two main types of comparisons writers use: personification and allusion. You’ll read about examples of each and learn how they contribute to the poem’s greater meaning and author’s purpose.

5.4 Identifying and interpreting extended metaphors

Important skill: Identify and explain the function of a metaphor.
Important skill: Interpret an extended metaphor.
In guide 5.4, we’ll continue the theme of literary tools started in guide 5.2. In this one, we’ll explore metaphors in depth. You’ll be introduced to the idea of an extended metaphor.

Conclusion

Those are the four pathways of Unit 5! Read on to learn more about each and better analyze poems.
Browse Study Guides By Unit
🤔Exam Skills
🌱Unit 1 – Intro to Short Fiction
Unit 2 – Intro to Poetry
🎭Unit 3 – Intro to Longer Fiction & Drama
⚔️Unit 4 – Character, Conflict, & Storytelling in Short Fiction
🌈Unit 5 – Structure & Figurative Language in Poetry
🛠️Unit 6 – Literary Techniques in Longer Works
🏛️Unit 7 – Societal & Historical Context in Short Fiction
🤾🏾‍♀️Unit 8 – Advanced Techniques in Poetry
🚣🏾Unit 9 – Nuanced Analysis in Longer Works

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