📚

 > 

🎶 

 > 

🎻

3.5 Seventh Chord Inversions and Figures

1 min readnovember 2, 2020


AP Music Theory 🎶

72 resources
See Units

3.5: Seventh Chord Inversions and Figures

Just like the triads, the seventh chords can also appear in inversions. We also have specific figured bass notation for the seventh chords, indicating which note is in the bass.
In the key of E Major, here are the following seventh chords and their respective inversions in the closed position.
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-j7GpYQkXo39x.png?alt=media&token=f5a3cee0-6574-4f93-913f-d8f23ffa3194
When the seventh chords are written in an open position, such as in the SATB texture <hyperlink to unit 4.2>, a figured bass can be used to determine the bass note of a harmony.
Here are the figured bass Arabic numerals for seventh chords:
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-Xa2bkizZw6Ol.png?alt=media&token=f51399e3-7f45-4d1a-837b-2609a29d0858
With a Roman-numeral analysis, you can see the following bass notes that indicate the types of seventh chords used. To understand the following image, can you spell a V7 chord in the key of Bb Major? F is the V of Bb. We spell an F7 chord F-A-C-Eb.
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-bFVnvwZI8sb1.png?alt=media&token=a2133b33-253b-46d1-b55b-4d69fbcdf47e
Here you can see that the V-6/5 chord has the 3rd in the bass, which in the F7 chord, is an A. The V-4/3 chord requires a C in the bass.
🦜 Polly wants a progress tracker: What would be the bass note of a V-4/2 chord in the key of d minor?
Browse Study Guides By Unit
🎵Unit 1 – Music Fundamentals I (Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements)
🎶Unit 2 – Music Fundamentals II (Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture)
🎻Unit 3 – Music Fundamentals III (Triads and Seventh Chords)
🎹Unit 4 – Harmony and Voice Leading I (Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase)
🎸Unit 5: Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function
🎤Unit 7 – Harmony and Voice Leading IV (Secondary Function)
📝Exam Skills
📆Big Reviews: Finals & Exam Prep

Fiveable
Fiveable
Home
Stay Connected

© 2023 Fiveable Inc. All rights reserved.


© 2023 Fiveable Inc. All rights reserved.