5.12 MC Answers and Review

7 min readapril 20, 2023

AP World History: Modern 🌍

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on Revolutions


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⛔STOP!⛔ Before you look at the answers make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in unit 5. Click here for the practice questions: AP World History: Modern Unit 5 Multiple Choice Questions.
Facts about the test: The AP World History exam has 55 multiple-choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 15 minutes to complete 15 questions.

*The following questions were not written by CollegeBoard and although they cover information outlined in the AP World History Course and Exam Description the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. The writings of the 18th–century French philosophers Rousseau, Voltaire, and Diderot influenced the 
A. failure of the German unification movement
B. spread of imperialism to Africa and Asia
C. revolutionary movements in Europe and the Americas.
D. start of the Neolithic Revolution
Answer: As John Locke and Rousseau spread their beliefs on the purpose of government, the social contract, and natural rights, many citizens in nations such as France, realized their government was hindering, not protecting their natural rights, so they chose to rebel
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.1: The Enlightenment

2. Before the French Revolution, the people of France were divided into three estates based mainly on their
A. geographic region
B. religious beliefs
C. career field
D. wealth
Answer: The #-Estates system in France categorized people into different social classes based on their wealth. The clergy was at the top, followed by the nobility, and at the bottom was everyone else in society.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

3. In the period from 1750 to 1850, which of the following political ideologies was gaining increasing influence in western Europe and parts of the Atlantic world?
A. Absolutism
B. Liberalism
C. Fascism
D. Totalitarianism
Answer: Liberalism became the focus of many people during this time period. Liberalism is a political philosophy that promotes individual rights and democracy.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.1: The Enlightenment

4. The United States Bill of Rights and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen reflect a shared concern for
A. protection of personal liberty
B. establishment of a parliamentary system
C. preservation of the monarchy
D. keeping monarchical power strong, but limited
Answer: Both the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen emphasized the importance of natural rights and the role the government played in protecting those rights. 
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

5. The MOST important ECONOMIC privilege enjoyed by the clergy and nobility BEFORE the French Revolution was
A. exemption from taxes to the state
B. ownership of land
C. the right to collect dues
D. the right to finance wars
Answer: The biggest economic privilege that the top two estates enjoyed in France was the exemption from taxes. Such exemption infuriated the 3rd Estate, who were left to fund the excess spending committed by the king and the nobility
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

6. Latin American Revolutions were MOSTLY initiated by the
A. Mestizos
B. Creoles
C. Mulattoes
D. the Peninsulares
Answer: The Creoles, the middle class of the Spanish hierarchies, were the ones who were denied political privileges and, who had read the works of Locke, Rousseau, and Paine. Their understanding of how Spain was violating their natural rights was the catalyst to most Latin American Revolutions.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

7. The only successful slave-led political revolution took place in
A. Venezuela
B. Mexico
C. Haiti
D. Brazil
Answer: The drive for independence in Haiti was conducted by slaves within that nation. Though their leader, Toussaint L'Ouverture was a Creole, it was the slaves who were responsible for freeing the nation of colonial rule. 
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

8. One similarity that existed before AND after Latin American revolutions was
A. Creoles continued to feel their natural rights weren't being protected
B. voting rights continued to only be offered to Peninsulares
C. European rulers were still able to exert significant influence in Latin America
D. conditions for the lower classes continued to be poor
Answer: Once most Latin American nations gained their independence, Creoles sat at the top of the social hierarchy and enjoying more rights. For those at the lower end of the social hierarchy, though constitutions promised more rights, their lives continued to be poor in terms of wages, living conditions, and political rights. 
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

9. The Industrial Revolution marked a dramatic change in
A. how trade was conducted
B. the way products were made
C. the use of currency as a form of payment
D. the economic rights of citizens
Answer: One of the biggest changes brought on by the Industrial Revolution was the method in which goods were produced. For centuries, products were hand-made in cottage industries, but after 1750, goods will be mass-produced in factories.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.3: Industrialization Begins

10. All of the following were reasons that the Industrial Revolution began in Britain EXCEPT
A. Britain's transportation infrastructure was capable of moving goods
B. British citizens had excess capital to invest in industrial development
C. Britain was rich in raw materials such as coal and iron
D. The British government-funded industrial development
Answer: The British government was actually minimally involved in industrial development; most of the development was funded by private companies and individuals who were seeking new ways to make a profit.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.6: State-Led Industrialization

11. Which of the following technologies was MOST responsible for spurring industrial production in England?
A. Steam Engine
B. Power Loom
C. Spinning Jenny
D. Cotton Gin
Answer: While the Power Loom and Spinning Jenny were used during the IR, it would be the steam engine that facilitated machine production, and also helped fuel the rail system that will become instrumental in the success of mass production and consumption.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.5: Technology in the Industrial Age

12. All of the following were changes caused by the Industrial Revolution EXCEPT:
A. Creation of a new middle class
B. Environmental degradation
C. More economic equality between all social classes
D. Development of new economic systems
Answer: While the stand of living did increase for most people during the Industrial Era, the wage gap increased. Factory owners and investors made a tremendous profit of mass production, but wages for workers remained low - mostly as a result of the supply and demand of labor, and the lack of government intervention.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.7: Economic Effects of Industrialization

13. Which of the following groups saw an increase in some forms of independence, as a result of the Industrial Revolution?
A. Women
B. Men
C. Children
D. Elderly
Answer: While working conditions for women were terrible during the Industrial Revolution, being able to work outside of the home and make their own wages did increase independence, especially for women who were not yet married. This independence will foster calls for more rights for women.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.9: Social Effects of Industrialization 

14. The Industrial Revolution's success in Britain led to the revolution being spread to which following pair of nations?
A. Nigeria and China
B. Japan and Russia
C. Venezuela and Korea
D. Mongolia and Australia
Answer: Both Japan and Russia begin the industrial process as a result of the success of the IR in Britain, and to some extent, the United States. The main goal of industrialization for both nations was to be able to complete with the western powers, on the global stage.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.4: Spread of Industrialization 

15. A key difference between British and Japanese industrialization was
A. Industrial production focused on textiles in Britain while it focused on machine parts in Japan
B. Factory workers in Britain were both male and female, while workers in Japan were solely men
C. Industrialization was funded by individuals in Britain, while it was funded by the government in Japan
D. Industrialization was successful in Britain, but was not successful in Japan
Answer: Japan did not have a middle class to help fund the industrialization of the nation, so the government had to fund the industrial process, while it was again, individuals of the middle and upper classes who will fund industrialization in Britain.
📄 Study AP World, Unit 5.6: State-Led Industrialization

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✊🏽Unit 5 – Revolutions, 1750-1900
🚂Unit 6 – Consequences of Industrialization, 1750-1900
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