2.10 MC Answers and Review

6 min readdecember 17, 2021

AP US History 🇺🇸

454 resources
See Units

Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on the Colonization of North America

STOP ⛔ Before you look at the answers, make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in Unit 2. Click here for the practice questions: AP US History Unit 2 Multiple Choice Questions.

Image courtesy of Pixabay

Facts about the test: The AP US History exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question. The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP US History Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. Although no gold was found in Jamestown, it became economically profitable due to...

A. tobacco
B. fish
C. rice
D. timber
Answer: John Rolfe's tobacco made Virginia an economically successful colony. Fish and timber were in the New England colonies and rice was in South Carolina.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.2: European Colonization

2. Which colony was created as a safe-haven for Catholics?

A. Massachusetts
B. Rhode Island
C. Virginia
D. Maryland
Answer: Lord Baltimore created Maryland during King Charles' reign. Virginia was primarily Anglican, Massachusetts was Calvinist and Rhode Island was a mixture of religions. 
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.3: Regions of the British Colonies

3. In order to persuade more people to settle Virginia and grow tobacco, English investors created the...

A. land grant system
B. encomienda system
C. plantation system
D. headright system
Answer: Tobacco value soared during the early 1600s and more labor was need to harvest the labor intensive crop. The headright system offered 50 acres of land to anyone who paid the passage of a new immigrant stimulating a rise in indentured servitude. Indentured servitude would later be replaced by the slave system. 
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.2: European Colonization

4. Which country did not command a large stake in the beaver fur industry in the new world?

A. England
B. Spain
C. France
D. The Netherlands
Answer: Spain. The middle and New England colonies of the English empire traded a lot of beaver. In addition, both France and the Netherlands depended on beaver fur for their economies.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.3: Regions of the British Colonies

5. Which individual helped establish the City on a Hill in New England?

A. William Bradford
B. Roger Williams
C. John Winthrop
D. James Oglethorpe
Answer: John Winthrop helped establish the city on a hill as part of the Massachusetts Bay Company. James Oglethorpe helped found Georgia and William Bradford was part of the Plymouth settlement. Although Roger Williams lived in Massachusetts Bay for a while, he will later establish Providence, Rhode Island.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.3: Regions of the British Colonies

6. Similar to Virginia's incidents with the Powhatan tribe, the New England settlements often came into conflict with the...

A. Pequots
B. Seminole
C. Cherokee
D. Creek
Answer: The New England colonies will have several battles with the Pequots. The Seminole, Creek, and Cherokee are all located much further south.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.3: Regions of the British Colonies

7. Which colony became a refuge for Quakers and one of the most religiously tolerant colonies?

A. South Carolina
B. Pennsylvania
C. Massachusetts
D. New York
Answer: Although New York will be relatively tolerant, it will not have the Quaker presence that Pennsylvania does. Massachusetts will be primarily Calvinist and intolerant of other faiths. South Carolina will be primarily Anglican.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.3: Regions of the British Colonies

8. Which event illustrates displeasure with Virginia aristocratic rule and the coming end of indentured servitude? In addition, it will lead to a push toward African slavery.

A. Coode's Rebellion
B. Leisler's Rebellion
C. Pope's Rebellion
D. Bacon's rebellion
Answer: Bacon's rebellion will ultimately lead to the end of indentured servitude. Pope's revolt occurred in the Spanish settlement in the 16th century. Leisler's and Coode's rebellion were both associated with the Glorious Revolution in the colonies.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.6: Slavery in the Colonies

9. What statement best illustrates the English policy of salutary neglect?

A. Forcing the crew to be 75% English
B. Requiring a customs check at all English ports
C. Ignoring the transportation of tobacco from England to France
D. Requiring a trade ship to be made in England.
Answer: Navigation Acts were passed to make sure all aspects of trade were governed and controlled by the mother country. Therefore, allowing a trade ship to land in Spain without being checked would be a good example of neglect.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.7: Colonial Society and Culture

10. Of all the slave punishments, which was considered the worst by most individuals?

A. famine
B. separation from family
C. public shaming
D. whipping
Answer: Slaves faced a multitude of punishments; however, the threat of being separated by sale or trade from your family was the most feared.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.6: Slavery in the Colonies

11. Which 18th-century event best represents the harmful impact of slavery on those enslaved?

A. the Stono Rebellion
B. Bacon's Rebellion
C. Prosser's Rebellion
D. Nat Turner's Rebellion
Answer: The Stono Rebellion in South Carolina represented the desire for slaves to be free. The event resulted in numerous Whites and Blacks being killed and harsher discipline on slaves. Prosser's and Turner's rebellions would both occur in the early 19th century.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.6: Slavery in the Colonies

12. The First Great Awakening was for the most part a reaction to the....

A. traditional focus of theological knowledge
B. growing lawlessness in the colonies
C. the focus on trade
D. impact of the enlightenment
Answer: First Great Awakening preachers challenged the growing belief in Deism and thus encouraged people to dedicate their life to Christ. Although all three answers did impact the First Great Awakening, the fear of the spread of Deism was the primary focus.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.7: Colonial Society and Culture

13. The most important of the Great Awakening preachers was...

A. John Winthrop
B. Martin Luther
C. Jonathan Edwards
D. George Whitefield
Answer: Although Jonathan Edwards was influential, George Whitefield had a much larger impacts since he preached in all of the colonies at some point. Luther and Winthrop were from earlier centuries and thus not part of the First Great Awakening.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.7: Colonial Society and Culture

14. The conflict known as the French and the Indian war was primarily fought between the British and French over fur trading lands located in the...

A. Ohio Valley
B. Eastern Canada
C. Western Canada
D. Florida
Answer: The conflict arose out of the desire to trade along the Ohio River and lake Erie areas. Advancements by both countries into those areas had prompted Franklin to propose the Albany Congress shortly before the war broke out.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.1: European Colonization

15. Although in the 17th century the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies were both English, Christian, and reliant on trade with the mother country, the biggest difference was that Virginia focussed on...

A. religion
B. importance of families
C. cash crops
D. education
Answer: Virginia focused on the production of tobacco for its economy. New England's soil and climate were not as conducive to farming. New England also had a much more familial-orientated society focusing on religion and education.
📄 Study AP US History, Unit 2.6: Slavery in the Colonies

What can we help you do now?

Browse Study Guides By Unit
🌽Unit 1 – Interactions North America, 1491-1607
🦃Unit 2 – Colonial Society, 1607-1754
🔫Unit 3 – Conflict & American Independence, 1754-1800
🐎Unit 4 – American Expansion, 1800-1848
💣Unit 5 – Civil War & Reconstruction, 1848-1877
🚂Unit 6 – Industrialization & the Gilded Age, 1865-1898
🌎Unit 7 – Conflict in the Early 20th Century, 1890-1945
🥶Unit 8 – The Postwar Period & Cold War, 1945-1980
📲Unit 9 – Entering Into the 21st Century, 1980-Present
📚Study Tools
🤔Exam Skills
👉🏼Subject Guides
📚AMSCO Notes

Stay Connected

© 2024 Fiveable Inc. All rights reserved.

© 2024 Fiveable Inc. All rights reserved.