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1.4 Global Challenges

3 min readโ€ขjanuary 30, 2023

K

kiera_kelly


AP Italian ย ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น

39ย resources
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Mercato del lavoro

Economic issues exist in every country. Some of the causes of those in Italy are as follows:
  • High public debt: Italy has one of the highest public debt levels in the EU, reaching over 160% of its GDP.
  • Slow economic growth: Italy's economy has grown at a slow pace compared to other EU countries, hindering its ability to reduce debt and increase competitiveness.
  • Youth unemployment: The unemployment rate for young people in Italy is high, with over 30% of those aged 15-24 being unemployed.
  • Aging population: Italy has a rapidly aging population, which is putting pressure on its pension system and workforce.
    https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-8vYvRUK967bM.png?alt=media&token=f50b0b41-35c9-456b-9649-bbb5d2f51b20

    image courtesy of DTM

  • Lack of structural reforms: Italy has been criticized for not implementing enough structural reforms to boost its economy and increase competitiveness.
  • High non-performing loans: The Italian banking sector is burdened by high levels of non-performing loans, which are hindering its ability to lend and support economic growth.

Scuola e istruzione

Education is a big deal in Italy, and it's made available to everyone. Some facts about the Italian education system are:
  • Compulsory and free: Education in Italy is compulsory and free for children between the ages of 6 and 16.
  • Public and private systems: Italy has both public and private education systems, with the majority of students attending public schools.
    https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-tL2zH124dSCb.jpeg?alt=media&token=316cbb07-02ac-437d-9821-ef3dfaefd472

    image courtesy of CNN

  • Focus on tradition: Italian education has a strong focus on tradition, with a curriculum that emphasizes the classics, literature, and the arts.
  • Centralized system: The Italian education system is centralized, with the national government responsible for setting educational policies and standards.
  • University education: Italy has a strong university system, with many well-respected institutions and a long history of academic excellence.
  • Bologna Process: Italy is a member of the Bologna Process, an initiative aimed at creating a European Higher Education Area and facilitating the movement of students and academics between countries.

Migrazioni e frontiere

Europe has a large Immigration situation that is very present in Italy due to its vicinity to the Middle East and North Africa. Some of the issues are as follows:
  • Increasing migration: Italy has seen an increase in migration in recent years, with many people coming from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe.
    https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-cj1JIlKgCgTe.png?alt=media&token=c7441419-86a2-4112-9366-9e3674c714be

    image courtesy of Open Migration

  • Refugee crisis: Italy has been at the forefront of the refugee crisis in Europe, with many migrants and asylum seekers arriving by sea.
  • Political issue: Migration has become a politically sensitive issue in Italy, with some politicians calling for stricter immigration policies and others advocating for more humane treatment of migrants and refugees.
  • Integration challenges: Italy faces challenges in integrating migrants and refugees into its society and economy, with high levels of unemployment and poverty among these populations.
  • Reception centers: The Italian government operates a network of reception centers for migrants and refugees, where they receive basic services and support.
  • EU cooperation: Italy has called for greater cooperation and support from the EU in addressing the migration crisis, including the sharing of the burden of caring for migrants and refugees.
Browse Study Guides By Unit
๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ‘ฉโ€๐Ÿ‘งUnit 1 โ€“ Families in Italy
๐Ÿ—ฃUnit 2 โ€“ Language & Culture in Italy
๐ŸŽจUnit 3 โ€“ Beauty & Art in Italy
๐Ÿ”ฌUnit 4 โ€“ Science & Technology in Italy
๐Ÿ Unit 5 โ€“ Quality of Life in Italy
๐Ÿ’ถUnit 6 โ€“ Challenges in Italy
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