5.13 Multiple Choice Questions

5 min readdecember 17, 2021

AP US History 🇺🇸

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Multiple Choice Practice for Toward the Civil War and Reconstruction

Welcome to Unit 5 AP US History Multiple Choice Questions! Grab some paper and a pencil 📄 to record your answers as you go. You can see how you did on the Unit 5 Practice Questions Answers and Review sheet once you're done. Don't worry, we have tons of resources available if you get stumped 😕 on a question. And if solo study is not your thing, join a group in Hours!
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Facts about the test: The AP US History exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question.
The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP US History Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. Which of these did the Compromise of 1850 not include?
A. The establishment of popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession area gained after the Mexican-American War  
B. The approval for Texas to join the United States
C. California's admission to the United States as a Free State
D. A strengthening of the Fugitive Slave law

2. Which of these best summarizes the idea of Manifest Destiny?
A. God had chosen the United States to spread from the Atlantic Ocean west to the Pacific Ocean
B. The rights of all men, including slaves, should be preserved in the new Constitution
C. That Anglo-Americans are equal to other European colonizers, and thus war should be suspended
D. That Native lands are property of Native nations and should not be annexed without proper documentation

3. Which of these best describes the Paternalist Ethos as a justification of slavery?
A. Slaves were more capable of running farms than most free whites, and thus they needed to be excluded from business ownership to prevent competition
B. The lineage of slaves and their offsprings ran through the male line, not the female line, and thus were more stable
C. Slaves produced many offspring and thus were more valuable than free laborers
D. Slave Owners had a responsibility to provide for their inferior slaves, much like a parent does for a child

4. Which of these did the Bleeding Kansas event most represent?
A. That violence could successfully be avoided regarding slavery as long as strong government control was adopted
B. The mistrust of and violence toward Catholics in the Protestant United States
C. The failure of Popular Sovereignty to decide issues of slavery
D. That the balance of Free and Slave states in the Senate must be maintained to avoid a Civil War

5. Which of these was an effect of the Dred Scott decision?
A. The federal Congress no longer could issue laws regarding slavery legality in the United States
B. The Civil War immediately began following the decision
C. Slavery immediately was banned across the entire United States
D. Slave revolts erupted across the entire South, leading to the Civil War

6. What did the Homestead Act lead to?
A. A national shortage of wheat due to overfarming
B. The decline of the influence of the Republican Party
C. A large migration west to start family farms
D. Slaves gaining immense amounts of land in the Great Plains

7. The Free Soil platform most directly led to which of these?
A. A national sympathy for the conditions of slavery 
B. The election of Abraham Lincoln for the Republicans
C. The expansion of the newly consolidated Democratic Party
D. The expansion of slavery into Western Territories

8. Which of these was an advantage of the Confederate States in the Civil War?
A. Most of the war was fought in Southern Territory which they knew well
B. A much more extensive railroad network
C. A much larger army
D. A larger industrial apparatus producing weapons and food for soldiers

9. Which of these describes the 14th amendment?
A. Defined citizenship in the United States to include freed slaves 
B. It outlawed slavery across the entire United States
C. It gave all males, regardless of race, the right to vote
D. It established the graduated income tax

10. Which of these officially ended the Reconstruction Period?
A. The Compromise of 1820
B. The Compromise of 1850
C. The Compromise of 1877
D. The Virginia Resolution

11. Why was Lincoln's suspension of Habeas Corpus so controversial?
A. It was the first time the government had limited access to voting rights in US history  
B. It showed how Lincoln learned authoritarian even in peacetime
C. It led to the first conflicts of the Civil War
D. It violated the Constitutional right to a fair trial

12. Farming the land of someone else in exchange for a small piece of the land's output emerged as the dominant post-Civil War employment opportunity for freed slaves. What was this system called?
A. Sharecropping  
B. Freedmen's Bureau
C. Minstrel Showing
D. Hydroponic Farming

13. What made the "Radical Republicans" so radical?
A. They pushed for immediate equality for black men in the United States
B. They wanted to destroy the United States and found a new nation based on equal rights for all
C. They combined many wings of the Democratic Party to form a new left-leaning Republican party
D. They were the first party to win 2 presidential elections back-to-back

14. How did Commodore Matthew Perry affect the US' role in the world?
A. He forced the Japanese to open up trade with the United States against their will
B. He negotiated the treaty giving the United States access to Panama to build the canal there
C. He was the first mariner to sail to Argentina to establish diplomatic ties in Buenos Aires
D. He led the United States to war with Mexico during the era of Manifest Destiny

15. What important document did the Seneca Falls Convention produce?
A. The Declaration of Sentiments
B. The Preamble to the Constitution
C. Common Sense
D. The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

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