5.11 MC Answers and Review

5 min readdecember 18, 2021

AP European History 🇪🇺

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on Conflict, Crisis, and Reactions in the Late 18th Century

STOP ⛔ Before you look at the answers, make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in Unit 5. Click here for the practice questions: AP Euro Unit 5 Multiple Choice Questions.

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Facts about the test: The AP Euro exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question.
The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP Euro Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. Which of the following 18th century wars was fought in Europe, the Americas, and in Asia?
A. Seven Years War
B. War of Austrian Succession
C. French Revolution
D. Crimean War
Explanation: The 7 Years War spread from the European continent to the Americas and Asia. Because of this, some consider it the earliest ‘world war.’
📄 Read Unit 5.3: Britain's Ascendency

2. Which of the following people would not have supported the French Revolution?
A. The Marquis de Lafayette
B. Voltaire
C. Frederick the Great
D. John Locke
Explanation: Frederick the Great was an enlightened despot but would not have supported the removal of an established monarchy.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

3.  Which person would NOT have been part of the 3rd Estate in France?
A. A Peasant  
B. A Catholic Priest
C. A shoemaker
D. A Merchant
Explanation: Members of the clergy made up the 1st Estate.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

4. Which of the following was not a cause of the French Revolution?
A. The French Estates System
B. The unpopularity of the monarchy
C. The growing economic problems due to constant warfare and ineffective management.
D. The oppression of the Catholic Church on the citizens of France.
Explanation: Even though the French Clergy were seen as part of the Old Regime, their existence was not a cause of the Revolution.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

5. What was the name of the meeting called in the spring of 1789?
A. The Constitutional Convention
B. The National Assembly
C. The Bastille
D. The Estates General
Explanation: The Estates General was the calling of representatives of all three estates in an attempt to solve the growing economic crisis.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

6. What did the National Assembly proclaim with the Tennis Court Oath?
A. They would spread revolutionary ideas to other countries.
B. They would storm the Bastille with the people of Paris
C. They would not disband until they had a constitution
D. They would not disband until they had overthrown the monarchy
Explanation: The Tennis Court Oath was so important because it gave the National Assembly purpose and highlighted their desire for a Constitution.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

7. Which event is considered the start of the Revolution and is also France’s independence day?
A. The calling of the Estates General
B. The storming of the Bastille
C. The Tennis Court Oath
D. The Night of August 4
Explanation: The storming of the Bastille is considered the true start of the French Revolution.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

8. Which political club became the most radical during the Revolution and ousted political rivals?
A. The Federalists
B. The Bourbons
C. The Girodins
D. The Jacobins
Explanation: The Jacobin club became the most radical and violent in the early radical stages of the Revolution.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

9. Who led the Committee of Public Safety and became the de facto leader of France during the Reign of Terror?
A. Robespierre
B. Danton
C. Napoleon
D. Marat
Explanation: Robespierre was able to use his public speaking skills and outspoken voice to take command of the Committee of Public Safety.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

10. The Thermidorian Reaction refers to:
A. The appointment of Napoleon as emperor 
B. The ousting of Robespierre and his allies
C. The removal of Louis XVI
D. The execution of Danton
Explanation: The Thermidorian Reaction referred to Robespierre being removed from National Convention and promptly executed.
📄 Read Unit 5.4: The French Revolution

11. Napoleon became a household name in France after what campaign?
A. The German Campaign 
B. The Italian Campaign
C. The Egyptian Campaign
D. The French Campaign
Explanation: Napoleon was able to end war with Austria during his Italian Campaign and became a national hero.
🎥 Watch: Napoleon

12. Which of the following was not a reform made by Napoleon?
A. Affirmed property rights and equality before the law
B. Codified the French Laws
C. Disbanded the Catholic Church
D. Modernized the French Education system
Explanation: While Napoleon did broaden religious toleration in France, he did welcome back the Catholic Church and recognized the importance of the Catholic Church in France.
📄 Read Unit 5.6: Napoleon's Rise, Dominance, and Defeat

13.  Which country or region was never successfully conquered by Napoleon?
A. Portugal
B. Spain
C. German States
D. Italy
Explanation: Napoleon was never able to conquer Portugal and was thus stuck fighting a two front war for the last few years of his reign.
📄 Read Unit 5.6: Napoleon's Rise, Dominance, and Defeat

14. What was the system that Napoleon used to attempt to economically weaken Great Britain?
A. Continental System 
B. The Brigade System
C. The Anaconda Plan
D. The Island System
Explanation: The Continental System attempted to cut off Britain from the rest of the continent. In general, this was a massive failure.
🎥 Watch: Napoleon

15. Which of the following was a major goal of the Congress of Vienna?
A. Restore balance of power
B. Put monarchs back on the throne
C. Weaken France by surrounding them with stronger countries
D. All of the above
Explanation: The Congress of Vienna attempted to not only address the problems caused by Napoleon, but also restore Europe to a pre-Revolutionary state.
📄 Read Unit 5.7: The Congress of Vienna

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