9.15 MC Answers and Review

6 min readdecember 18, 2021

AP European History 🇪🇺

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on The Cold War and Contemporary Europe

STOP ⛔ Before you look at the answers, make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in Unit 9. Click here for the practice questions: AP Euro Unit 9 Multiple Choice Questions.

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Facts about the test: The AP Euro exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question.
The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP Euro Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. The plan to economically rebuild Europe using United States funds was called the:
A. Anti-Communism Action
B. Roosevelt Plan
C. Marshall Plan
D. Truman Doctrine
Explanation: The Marshall Plan successfully helped rebuild Western Europe by giving roughly 200 Billion dollars (in today’s currency) to western European nations.
📄 Study Unit 9.2: Rebuilding Europe after World War II

2. This was the name of the alliance between several European nations and the United States in response to growing concerns of the Soviet Union.
A. Council for Mutual Economic Assistance 
B. European Alliance
C. Warsaw Pact
Explanation: NATO was formed in response to the growing power of the Soviet Union and included several key Western European Nations and the United States.
📄 Study Unit 9.4: Two Super Powers Emerge

3. This was the name of the alliance between the USSR and other communist states:
A. The Iron Curtain 
B. Communist Bloc
C. Warsaw Pact
Explanation: The Warsaw Pact was the competing alliance to NATO
📄 Study Unit 9.4: Two Super Powers Emerge

4. Following WWII the consensus among most non communist European nations was:
A. That cooperation and unity would lead to more economic growth and prosperity 
B. European nations should become more isolationist in order to avoid future global conflicts
C. European nations should combine military forces but keep their economic markets separate.
D. That people should receive less government assistance and governments should not regulate businesses.
Explanation: The spirit of economic cooperation that grew more prevalent after WWII would eventually lead to the creation of the European Union.
📄 Study Unit 9.10: The European Union

5. The only communist state in eastern Europe, under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito, to resistance the influence of the USSR was:
A. Ukraine  
B. Bulgaria
C. Poland
D. Yugoslavia
Explanation: Yugoslavia was able to avoid the influence of the USSR under the leadership of Tito. While he ruled as a dictator, he is generally lauded as being a positive force by keeping peace in the multiethnic Yugoslavia.
📄 Study Unit 9.7: The Fall of Communism

6. When Khrushchev took power in the USSR he began the process of:
A. Reverting back to a traditional monarchy  
B. Backing off of Stalinist policies
C. Reinforcing Stalinist policies
D. Breaking away from communism and establishing more democratic ideas
Explanation: The de-Stalinization campaign was successful in rallying Russians and moving the country away from the totalitarian state established by Stalin.
📄 Study Unit 9.7: The Fall of Communism

7. Throughout the 1950s, 60s, and 70s most European imperialist nations took what approach with their colonies?
A. They worked to make their colonies a crucial part of their European territory by mandating the native language and instituting western ideology.  
B. They usually created European run governments that remained separate from European nations but were run by non native Europeans.
C. They double downed on imperialism and colonialism to make up for their poor economic situations following WWII.
D. They pulled out of their colonies with (usually) little to no bloodshed.
Explanation: Following WWII and throughout the second half of the 20th century, most European nations pulled out of their colonial territories. This was mostly done because of the economic strain it was putting on their already fragile economies. Anti colonial sentiment was also growing during this time.
📄 Study Unit 9.9: Decolonization

8. Which of the following would be an example of the United States acting on the Domino Effect theory?
A. Six Day War 
B. Cuban Missile Crisis
C. Prague Spring
D. Vietnam War
Explanation: The United States intervened in the Vietnamese Civil War (eventually just called the Vietnam War) because of the threat of the expansion of communism in Asia.
📄 Study Unit 9.4: Two Super Powers Emerge

9. One the closest moments of full on war between the Soviet Union and the United States came during the:
A. Cuban Missile Crisis 
B. The Bay of Pigs Invasion
C. The Helsinki Accords
D. The Prague Spring
Explanation: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a tense series of days where the United States attempted to blockade Cuba and refuse the Soviet ships from bringing missile parts into the country. The end result was a shaky agreement to remove the missiles from Cuba.
📄 Study Unit 9.7: The Fall of Communism

10. What event established the Brezhnev Doctrine?
A. The Helsinki Accords  
B. Prague Spring
C. Bay of Pigs
D. Cuban Missile Crisis
Explanation: Following the more liberal uprising in Czechoslovakia during the Prague Spring, Brezhnev established the doctrine that socialists states would intervene in other socialist states if they came under threat.
📄 Study Unit 9.4: Two Super Powers Emerge

11. Gamel Abdul Nasser, the populist Egyptian leader, gained control of what key economic location from the British?
A. The Strait of Gibraltar  
B. India
C. The Panama Canal
D. Suez Canal
Explanation: Nasser seized the Suez Canal which almost triggered a massive conflict. Eventually tensions cooled and Egypt maintained control of it.
📄 Study AP World Unit 8.6: Newly Independent States After 1900

12. The systematic segregation and oppression of black South Africans by the white minority was known as:
A. The British Raj 
B. The Separate but Equal Clause
C. Jim Crow
D. Apartheid
Explanation: Apartheid was a period in South African history where the black majority was brutality supressed by the white minority.
📄 Study AP World Unit 9.5: Calls for Reform and Responses after 1900

13. The era of government and large corporation funded science became known as:
A. The Scientific Revolution  
B. Science Engineering
C. Big Science
D. The Era of Science
Explanation: The era of Big Science allowed for the development of modern medicine and technology.
📄 Study Unit 9.12: Technological Developments Since 1914

14. Often compared to the Fall of the Bastille, this event marked the end of communist rule in a divided Germany.
A. The Prague Spring  
B. The tearing down of the Berlin Wall.
C. The Battle of Berlin
D. Apartheid
Explanation: The tearing down of the Berlin Was a monumental moment in German history that represented the reunification of Berlin and eventually Germany.
📄 Study Unit 9.7: The Fall of Communism

15. In 2016 which country voted to leave the European Union?
A. Germany 
B. Britain
C. France
D. Russia
Explanation: In 2016 Britain voted to leave the European Union which started the lengthy process known as Brexit.
📄 Study Unit 9.10: The European Union
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