7.11 MC Answers and Review

5 min readdecember 18, 2021

AP European History 🇪🇺

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on 19th Century Perspectives and Political Developments

STOP ⛔ Before you look at the answers, make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in Unit 7. Click here for the practice questions: AP Euro Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions.

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Facts about the test: The AP Euro exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question.
The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP Euro Course and Exam Description
1. Which of these -isms did NOT gain traction in nineteenth century Europe?
A. Conservatism
B. Jansenism
C. Socialism
D. Nationalism
Explanation: Jansenism refers to a seventeenth and eighteenth century movement within the French Roman Catholic Church that combined Catholic and Calvinist beliefs.
📄 Read Unit 7.0: Unit Overview

2. The Zionist movement was created in part because of what historical event? 
A. Dreyfus affair  
B. Stavisky affair
C. Hep-Hep riots
D. Revolutions of 1848
Explanation: The Dreyfus affair was the wrongful accusation and conviction of a Jewish army captain in France for another man's treasonous actions. The event exposed antisemitism in French society and was a major cause of the Zionist movement.
📄 Read Unit 7.2: Nationalism

3. Which country was NOT a member of the Triple Alliance in World War I?
A. Russian Empire
B. Germany
C. Italy
D. Austria-Hungary
Explanation: The Russian Empire belonged to the Triple Entente.
📄 Read Unit 7.2: Nationalism

4. In Otto von Bismarck’s practice of Realpolitik, what were his political decisions were influenced by?
A. the needs of God 
B. the needs of the state
C. the needs of the general populace
D. the needs of the upper class
Explanation: Realpolitik is a political system used by Otto von Bismarck that stressed the importance of making decisions that would benefit the state.
📄 Read AP World Unit 5.2: Revolutions from 1750-1900

5. What type of government did Victor Emmanuel II and Count Camillo di Cavour implement after Italian unification?
A. constitutional monarchy 
B. absolute monarchy
C. military dictatorship
D. oligarchy
Explanation: Victor Emanuel II and Count Camillo di Cavour implemented a constitution monarchy after Italian unification, which they believed would be the best government to keep the states together.

6. Rudyard Kipling used his writing to support what social ideology?
A. socialism  
B. antiziganism
C. antisemitism
D. white man's burden
Explanation: Rudyard Kipling is best known for his poem "The White Man's Burden," which urged white people to "civilize" people of less "advanced" cultures.
📄 Study Unit 7.4: Darwinism and Social Darwinism

7. Which pair of countries controlled the most land in Africa in the early twentieth century?
A. All countries in Africa were independent by then  
B. Great Britain and Belgium
C. Great Britain and France
D. France and Spain
Explanation: Great Britain and France claimed the majority of the continent's territory during the Scramble for Africa.
📄 Study Unit 7.6: Imperialism

8. Why would a Social Darwinist believe that Africans were inferior to people of European descent?
A. Because most Social Darwinists were American slaveholders  
B. Because they were evolutionarily inferior according to Darwin's law of natural selection
C. Because they did not traditionally practice Christianity
D. Because Social Darwinists agreed with the British Empire's imperialist efforts
Explanation: Social Darwinists believed that evolutionary differences could be used to justify acts of racism against minorities.
📄 Study Unit 7.4: Darwinism and Social Darwinism

9. Which of the following countries did NOT experience a revolution in 1848? 
A. Russian Empire  
B. France
C. Italy
D. Austria-Hungary
Explanation: All of the countries experienced a revolution in 1848 except Russia, which the movement didn't reach.

10. What was the primary goal of Otto von Bismarck's program of Kulturkampf?
A. To increase German nationalism 
B. To suppress the Catholic Church's influence in Germany
C. To limit the growing popularity of socialism
D. To encourage German expansion into Africa and Asia
Explanation: The purpose of kulturkampf was to weaken the influence of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany.

11. What was Napoleon III's primary accomplishment as emperor of France?
A. Conquering Corsica and bringing it under French control  
B. Modernizing France's economy and infrastructure
C. Signing the Napoleonic Code
D. Abolishing the French monarchy
Explanation: During his rule, Napoleon III was able to greatly improve France's economy and infrastructure by supporting the rebuilding of Paris and creating sanitary housing for workers.
📄 Read Unit 7.3: National Unification and Diplomatic Tensions

12. Which reform did Alexander II NOT institute during his rule in Russia?
A. Modernizing the military  
B. Giving everyone the right to buy and sell property
C. Giving Russian Jews complete rights
D. Abolishing serfdom
Explanation: Even though Alexander II did make a lot of changes to improve the status of Jews in Russian society, they weren't treated the same as Orthodox Russians. For example, Russian Jews still couldn't own land under Alexander's rules.
📄 Read Unit 6.6: Revolutions from 1815 - 1914

13. What was the primary goal of the artistic movements Naturalism and Realism?
A. To convince people that the Industrial Revolution was harmful
B. To show the beauty of nature
C. To remove the illusions of a perfect life
Explanation: Both Naturalism and Realism depicted real-life events in their paintings to remove any romanticized misconceptions that people had about poverty, prostitution, etc.
📄 Read Unit 7.8: 19th-Century Culture and Arts

14. Which of these is NOT an art movement from the period?
A. Realism
B. Romanticism
C. Impressionism
D. Pop art
Explanation: Pop art was popular during the 1950s.
📄 Read Unit 7.8: 19th-Century Culture and Arts

15. Which of these events was NOT a response to European imperialism?
A. Boxer Rebellion  
B. Meiji Restoration
C. October Revolution
D. Sepoy Mutiny
Explanation: The October Revolution was a peasant revolt in Russia, while the other three events took place in Asia.
📄 Read Unit 7.7: Effects of Imperialism

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